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November 21, 2016

Metabolic Syndrome

There has been significant advancement in healthcare over the past decades. Despite good research on diet, exercise, genetics, diagnostics, clinical trials with pharmaceuticals and expert clinical medical management there is a steady increase in the chronic non-communicable diseases.

Global Statistics

All over the world there is problem as more and more adults and even children are being diagnosed with non-communicable diseases. The United Nations had a high-level meeting to discuss and declare that there is now an epidemic of non-communicable diseases NCDs. These chronic diseases have emerged as the leading cause of death globally. In 2001 non-communicable diseases accounted for 54% of deaths in low and middle income countries.

In 2008, of the 57 million global deaths, 36 million or 63% were due to NCDs.  The majority of NCD deaths are due to cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), including stroke, heart attack and hypertension, which have emerged as the leading causes of death in most countries of the world.

Without appropriate intervention, projections are that 24 million people will die from cardiovascular disease in 2030. Cancers pose another major threat to global health. It is estimated that approximately 7.6 million persons died from cancer in 2007 as well as in 2008  with over two-thirds of cancer deaths occurring in low and middle income countries. Despite these worrisome figures it is estimated that 80% of deaths from cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes and 40% of deaths from cancers are preventable.

 

Global efforts to reverse or halt the increasing trend of the non-communicable diseases

Addressing the Risk Factors

The World Health Organization WHO has focused on reducing four risk factors, namely unhealthy diets, physical inactivity, tobacco use and harmful use of alcohol. These four (4) risky behaviors are responsible for the majority of NCD deaths. It is estimated that 80% of heart disease, stroke and type 2 diabetes and 40% of cancer could be avoided through healthy diets, regular physical activity and avoidance of tobacco use.

The Center for Disease Control CDC has published ‘Strategies to Increase Physical Activity across the Life Course’. The CDC has indicated that less than 48% of all adults meet the 2008 Physical Activity Guidelines. Another finding is that 3 in 10 high school students get at least 60 minutes of physical activity every day www.cdc,gov/physicalactivity/data/facts.html.

Screening, Early diagnosis and treatment of Metabolic Syndrome

Metabolic Syndrome

Metabolic syndrome is a group of conditions that put you at risk for heart disease and diabetes. These conditions are

There is still much debate on the definition or cause of metabolic syndrome. Having 3 or more of the above conditions puts you squarely in the high-risk group.

The health professional community is paying more attention to insulin resistance. This is because of the link between metabolic syndrome and insulin resistance. Insulin is a hormone your body produces to help you turn sugar from food into energy for your body. If you are insulin resistant, too much sugar builds up in your blood, setting the stage for disease.

Now it does not follow that if you have one of these conditions symptoms you have metabolic syndrome. However, any of these conditions increase your risk of serious disease and more than one of these conditions could increase your risk even more.

If you have metabolic syndrome or any of its components, drastic lifestyle changes can delay or even prevent the development of serious health problems.

What are the causes?

Metabolic syndrome is closely linked to overweight and a sedentary lifestyle. There is also a close association between metabolic syndrome and insulin resistance linked to a condition called insulin resistance.

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